De omnibus dubitandum

Humans Need Not Apply

This 15 minute video explains, clearly and concisely, why the current economic model, with human labour at the centre, will very shortly need to be abandoned in favour of an entirely different approach:

In the very near future there will quite literally not be enough jobs to keep the population employed. Automation will reach such levels that whole swaths of the workforce will become obsolete.

As a result, millions of people will find themselves unemployed and, more importantly, unemployable.

Millions of people who will have no income and will depend entirely on welfare from the state. That is of course entirely unsustainable and undermines the foundation of consumption that underlies our current economic model.

Something will have to change. We already live in a post-scarcity society when it comes to food, but foods are not evenly distributed, which is why poverty still exists.

Automation will make a mockery out of any kind of scarcity (thus further undermining capitalist market economics), so we should abandon all economics that depend on scarcity and market forces.

We should embrace our inevitable post-scarcity world and create structures that enable free distribution of goods and services to those who need it.

This is of course a radical departure from how the world works at the moment, and vested interests (i.e. those who thrive in the current capitalist model) will resist with every fibre of their being.

Before things get better they’ll first get much, much worse.

  • Filed under: life, technology
  • The 5 Stages of Grief

    Funny how things matter most to us if they’re close to home.

    Hundreds of Palestinians dead in Gaza. Yes, I’m severely annoyed by that.

    The UK’s DRIP legislation is an attack on personal privacy. That sure grinds my gears.

    Then 298 people die when MH17 crashes in a Ukrainian field. 193 of them are Dutch. 80 are children, and 100 are AIDS researchers.

    And I realise that Kübler-Ross model may not be entirely bollocks after all.

    My anger was immediate and animalistic, like a vibrant roar in my skull. Primal instincts demanded blood for blood, and I experienced a ferocious sense of frustration that no one was being punished, no one was being made to hurt because of all this.

    The anger has, blissfully, subsided, its utterly self-defeating  bloodlust evaporating. It left a gaping void which is slowly being filled, one photo at a time, by aimless grief.

    I knew no one on board MH17. I have no right to experience this loss so profoundly. And yet I do.

    Sitting here, 500 miles from Eindhoven, I feel more intensely Dutch than I ever have.

    It’ll be a while before I reach the ‘acceptance’ stage. If I ever do.

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  • Filed under: life
  • Watts vs Brin – Privacy vs Transparency

    I’m a huge fan of Peter Watts, which won’t come as a secret to any regular reader of this blog.

    Recently Watts got in to an argument with none other than David Brin, one of science fiction’s biggest names.

    In a nutshell, this argument as I understand it is about privacy vs transparency. Brin seems to believe that a totally transparent society, where the public can look back at the government agencies that use mass surveillance, will deliver true freedom.

    Watts, more sensibly, believes privacy is the answer, and that if we’re unable to prevent ourselves from being watched, at least we could maybe have the option to destroy our data rather than hand it over to the government.

    Perhaps counter to expectation, in this argument between Watts and Brin it was Watts who came out on top – at least in my view – because his side of the argument seems much more sensible to me. Transparency only works insofar everyone involved plays on the same level. But the surveillance state has so much more power and so many more resources to bring to bear, that we as citizens – even if we’re allowed to look back, which right now we’re most assuredly not – have very little power over the surveillance state in return.

    In the end the people who own the data have all the power. And we don’t own any of it.

    Moreover, in the comment section of Watts’ latest blog post on the topic, Brin goes a bit apeshit and devolves in to hysterics, entirely bypassing the arguments Watts is making (politely, I might add) and resorting to childish name-calling.

    I never really rated Brin as a writer, but to be fair I’ve only ever read one of his books (and was unimpressed). After this public spat with Watts, I see no reason to ever spend any money on Brin’s output.

    Not that he’d care, anyway.

    “The best minds of my generation are thinking about how to make people click ads.”
    Jeff Hammerbacher

  • Filed under: technology
  • Nicholas Winding Refn

    I’ve decided I’m a fan of Nicholas Winding Refn.

    The Danish film director is a bit of a controversial figure due to the fact his films tend to sit firmly on the ‘obscure, arty, pretentious’ side of the cinematographic spectrum.

    I’m usually not the type to indulge in arthouse-type films (heck, I professed my love for that most obscene example of Hollywood-blockbusterism: Transformers 2) but I’ve now seen three of Winding Refn’s films, and I love them all.

    My first exposure to Winding Refn’s work was the critically acclaimed Drive, featuring truly superb performance from its lead actors as well as some scenes of brutal, unglorified, unstylised violence.


    Recently I caught Valhalla Rising on TV, and its hypnotic mood, surreal plot, and anticlimactic finale, all contributed to a cinematic experience that I enjoyed profoundly. Mikkelsen is astounding in the lead role and manages to captive and intimidate without speaking a single word in the entire film. The film is now sitting near the top of my top 10 all time favourites.

    Valhalla Rising

    Then earlier this week I saw Only God Forgives, and once again I was mesmerised. At first I thought the film indulged a bit too much in those dialogue-less scenes where the actors brood intensely, but as the plot unfolded I realised those scenes are significant and serve to expose inner turmoil hinted at in later scenes. And the ending is, in typical Winding Refn fashion, entirely un-Hollywood and deeply unsatisfying and, because of that, paradoxically, very much satisfying.

    Only God Forgives

    Obscure and pretentious? Yes. Powerful? Very much so.

    His style is not for everyone. I do think he’s one of those directors whose output you genuinely either love or hate. There’s not much room for fence-sitting where his films are concerned.

    But for me, to date, I’m firmly in the ‘love it’ camp, eagerly awaiting his next cinematic endeavour.

  • Filed under: film
  • When I read about a TV news presenter being verbally abused for daring to not wear a poppy – the UK’s symbol of Remembrance Day – I find it hard to keep myself from flying in to a fit of rage.

    It’s hard to overstate the profound ignorance of the tabloid-reading masses that are responsible for this exceptionally misguided expression of putrid hatred. Unfortunately it’s endemic of a growing trend in the UK to worship everything military and to uncritically accord the armed forces with heaps of respect.

    I believe that’s a dangerous cultural phenomenon. The military is not something any country should take a great deal of pride in. A nation’s ability to kill and destroy is not something to boast about. At best, a country should view its military as a necessary evil, something that is an unpalatable requirement for engaging in international affairs.

    A country that worships its military is a country that often shows little restraint in flexing that military muscle. In fact, the more a country praises its armed forces, the more likely it is to use those armed forces in the pursuit of their own economical and political goals. That used to be something solely associated with so-called ‘banana republics’, but since the 1950s it’s actually been a staple of western Realpolitik.

    Here in the UK, the military is worshipped on a level that borders on a fascist ideology. Even people who are nominal pacifists say that soldiers deserve respect, and that on Remembrance Day we should honour those fallen in service of their country, regardless of the reasons for the war they died in.

    I vehemently disagree with that. I do not believe we should separate soldiers’ deaths from the reasons they fought and died.

    In fact, I believe we should closely scrutinise exactly why these soldiers were sent in to battle, and pay a great deal of attention to the reasons that are given for that.

    Because when we do that, when we analyse exactly why we send armed troops to countries halfway across the planet, we quickly realise that the vast majority of soldiers who’ve died since the end of World War II died for no good reason at all other than to serve the interests of corporate profits and imperialist politics.

    If Remembrance Day was purely about commemorating those who died in the first and second world wars, then I’d be perfectly fine with it. But that’s no longer the case. Instead Remembrance Day – and, by virtue of being its symbol, the poppy – has become about commemorating and idealising all soldiers who have died in all modern conflicts.

    And that is nothing to solemnly commemorate. In fact, that’s something to get infuriated by. Countless thousands of lives lost because of political egos, corporate oil profits, and international trade rights. And that’s just counting the UK military – civilian casualties are orders of magnitude higher.

    ‘Defending democracy’ had fuck all to do with most of the wars fought since 1945 – it was nearly all greed and political face-saving.

    Those are piss-poor reasons to send young men to their deaths. In fact, any life lost in the pursuit of those sinister goals should come with a powerful backlash against the corporate & political forces that caused it.

    But that backlash is entirely absent, of course. Instead the UK population has bought in wholesale to the pro-military hype peddled by the politicians and eagerly supported by a cynical profit-chasing media, to such an extent that even an expression of neutrality – such as not wearing a poppy – is met with outpourings of hatred and bigotry.

    That is profoundly sad, and deeply disturbing.


    Successful people often, if not always, assume that their success is the result of hard work or talent, or a combination of the two.

    And they’re wrong.

    Success has very little to do with hard work, nor with talent. Yes, hard work certainly helps to achieve your goals, and having a healthy dose of talent doesn’t go amiss either.

    But there are literally millions of hard-working people out there, struggling every day with the challenges life throws at them and barely managing to keep their head above water.

    And there are also countless people who have an amazing talent or prodigious gift for one thing or another, but who never get even a glimpse of a chance to exploit that talent to achieve what we call success.

    So neither hard work nor talent can deliver success. What can?

    When we look at people we judge to be successful by our modern standards – people who have accumulated wealth and power and influence, who live in luxury and want for nothing – what lessons can we learn from them?

    What do all these successful people have in common? Are they all hard-working? Do they all possess a certain measure of that ephemeral quality we call ‘talent’?

    No. There’s just one thing all successful people – all of them, every single one – have in common: They got lucky.

    Luck comes in many forms. The most basic luck anyone can have is the luck of birth. Your birth, a purely accidental event that you have absolutely zero control over, is the single biggest factor when it comes to determining your success in life.

    If you happen to be born in to a wealthy family, chances are you will inherit that wealth, and as a result society deems you to be successful. You had nothing to do with that yourself at all. It was just pure luck.

    Less obvious luck of birth is being born white. Or male. Or heterosexual. (If you are all three, consider yourself an early victor in the lottery of life – you basically started life with all the cheat codes on.)

    Should you have had the misfortune of having been born in a destitute African family in Somalia, or a ghetto in Los Angeles, or in the slums of Manila, your chances of achieving success are significantly diminished. You just weren’t lucky enough.

    Luck doesn’t stop at birth. At many different points in your life your future is determined by random acts of chance. Everything from who you meet and befriend to where you choose to have dinner can and does impact your life in meaningful ways, and almost always those are in turn determined by a purely random sequence of events.

    Whenever you hear rags-to-riches stories, so often thrown up as evidence that hard work always delivers its just rewards, keep an ear out for that one moment of luck, that one event of pure chance, that helped the protagonist escape the clutches of poverty and achieve success. It’s always there. Without that fortuitous turn of events, the protagonist would not have succeeded at all, and would still be poor and unnoticed.

    Who you are and where you are in life – holding up an empty cardboard cup on the corner of the street, or chairing meetings in 30th floor board rooms – is entirely the result of luck. Hard work and talent played only a peripheral role.

    And that’s without going in to the neuroscientific minefield of subconsciousness, which basically states that you – the conscious, decision-making part of you – is not really in control at all, but that you are governed by inscrutable subconscious processes of the mind that are in turn more or less deterministic and dependent on a great many internal and external factors – most of which are, too, the result of pure random chance.

    So whenever you see someone successful boasting about their accomplishments, or look down on those less fortunate than them, or when you feel the urge to congratulate yourself on your own achievements, keep in mind that it is all built on a very flimsy foundation of luck.

    Always remember, you cannot truly take credit for your successes nor blame others entirely for their failures. It is a probabilistic universe, devoid of meaning, where success or failure is determined by a roll of the dice.

  • Filed under: life
  • Adamus

    Adamus is the online identity of Barry Adams. A Dutchman living in Northern Ireland, Barry / Adamus is an internet fanatic, skeptic, technophile, gamer, and geek.

    On this personal blog he provides his unpolished view of the world and its insanities.

    Identity 2.0

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